The Agreements Reached Concerning The Division Of Vietnam

The Secretary questioned whether the seven points were really a common “minimum solution” for which the three Allies were prepared to fight if the Communists rejected them. By asserting that the seven points are in fact for Paris “only an optimal solution” for London, Dulles tried to show that the French were already moving away from the seven points. He spoke of the apparent French desire to allow communist forces to remain in northern Laos, to accept a demarcation line “substantially south of Donghoi”, to neutralize and demilitarize Laos and Cambodia, and to “leave the elections so early and so ill-prepared and poorly framed that they risk losing the whole territory at the expense of communism” , evidence of a “whittling away process” that could, cumulatively, destroy the intent of the seven points. [doc. 67] There is no doubt that the Secretary`s fierce opposition to the restoration of his high rank vis-√†-vis the American delegation was based on the pressing suspicions of a definitive French sale, but the suspicions that were based on clear misinformation, both on the actual French position and on the degree of French will to remain firm. Although their fight against partition, which peaked after the signing of agreements with large gatherings in major cities, proved fruitless, the Vietnamese announced early on that they would not accept a division or a fixed date for national elections. We only have to recall the statements of Bao Dai`s cabinet in Paris, on the eve of the conference, to find evidence of Vietnam`s early determination that Vietnam would not be involved in a liquidation of its own territory. When the division became certain in July with the publication of draft final declarations, the Vietnamese delegation became stronger. At the last plenary session, Tran Van Do said: “. .

. the Government of the State of Vietnam wishes the Conference to take note of the fact that it reserves its full freedom of action to protect the sacred right of the Vietnamese people to their territorial unity, national independence and freedom.¬†Asked whether they should approve the military agreements and the final declaration, Do asked for the following text to be included in the declaration: The accession and powers of the International Monitoring Commission were definitively dissolved (Chapter VI of the Agreements). Apparently, Chou En let`s efforts have led to an agreement to make India, Poland and Canada icc member states. The ICC has been authorized to set up fixed and mobile inspection teams and to enjoy full freedom of movement in both areas of Vietnam. In carrying out these tasks, the ICC should expect local civilian and military officials to cooperate fully. Its missions have focused on controlling the movement of the armed forces and the release of prisoners of war, as well as monitoring the demarcation line, borders, ports and airfields. In accordance with the agreements with France, Smith received new instructions on 16 July on the basis of the Seven Points. After repeating the passive formal role of the United States at the conference, Dulles informed his undersecretary that he would make a unilateral (or, if possible, multilateral) declaration if a “essentially” seven-point settlement were to be reached. “However, the United States will not be co-signed in a statement with the Communists,” Dulles wrote of the procedure discussed in Geneva to develop military agreements and a final statement on a political solution.