1950 Armistice Agreement Gaza

The number of Arabs returning at the end of January 1950 was about 75 percent of the Arabs living there at the end of the term. Initially, Syrian officials rejected the president`s decision and called for the number of civilians to be limited. Subsequently, however, Syrian officials accepted the president`s decision on the number of returning refugees, but they still oppose the president`s decision to build new settlements of returning settlers, both Arab and Israeli. The four agreements also provided for a monitoring and dispute settlement mechanism. The United Nations operated a ceasefire monitoring organization (UNTSO) that was occupied by a corps of officers from different countries, headquartered in a corner of no man`s land in Jerusalem, and had the power to investigate complaints of GAA violations. Such complaints have also been resolved by joint ceasefire commissions chaired by a senior United Nations officer. Complaints of serious violations were forwarded by the parties to the UN Security Council, which based its deliberations on the reports of the UNOS Chief of Staff. The Chairman of the United Nations Joint Commission, Colonel Garrison B. Coverdale (United States), insisted that a solution to this problem be found in a spirit of friendship and UN within the Joint Ceasefire Commission. After some hesitation, this procedure was accepted and an agreement was finally reached under which the ceasefire demarcation line was changed to place Wadi Fukin under Jordanian authority, which in turn agreed to transfer to Israel some uninhabited but fertile areas south of Bethlehem. [9] The main tasks entrusted to the four Joint Ceasefire Commissions under the General Ceasefire Agreements have been to prevent any resumption of hostilities, to organize prisoner-of-war exchanges, to establish permanent ceasefire demarcation lines in accordance with the principles set out in the General Ceasefire Agreements, and to implement specific provisions of these Ceasefire Agreements in order to Facilitate the Transition to lasting peace in Palestine. Iraq, whose forces actively participated in the war (although it has no common border with Israel), withdrew its troops from the area in March 1949. .

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